Monday, April 21, 2008

Federico Garcia Lorca Page

Federico Garcia Lorca (June 5, 1898 - August 19, 1936) was born in Fuente Vaqueros, Granada. He grew to be a talented pianist as well as poet and playwright. His first published book was Impresiones y Paisajes, a volume of prose published in 1918.

Between 1919 and 1924 Lorca lived at the Student Residence of the University of Madrid. In 1920 he was matriculated to the university. It was there that he met Luis Bunuel, Salvador Dali, Ramon Gomez de la Serna, Luis Cernuda, Rafael Alberti and others, and wrote his earliest mature plays and poetry.

During the late 1920s, Lorca began to feel distressed over the cooling of his passionate friendship with Salvador Dali and the end of a torrid affair with the sculptor Emilio Aladren. Both men had chosen, in the end, by marrying, to adopt exclusively heterosexual lifestyles. This seems to have suggested that, as time went on, his sexual orientation might involve even more devestating loses than he had previously experienced. The crisis was profound. When his family offered to send him to New York's Columbia University to further his studies, he accepted. He found his English courses unfathomable and spent almost no time at classes. Instead, he spent 1929 and '30 investigating Harlem and jazz and looking up fellow Spaniards. He also spent time with friends in Vermont.

In 1931 Lorca founded La Barraca (a traveling theater) together with Eduardo Ugarte. His association with the theater would continue until his death.

During the years 1933 and 1934 Lorca made a celebrated visit to Argentina and Uruguay where his work had already been particularly well received. It was at this time, in Buenos Aires, that he first met a young temporary attache to the Chilean embassy, Pablo Neruda. He also met the still younger Jorge Luis Borges. Borges, however, had already become the leader of his own small, indigenous literary movement and was deeply offended by Lorca's compulsive need to command the center stage at all times wherever he went.

In late July of 1936, Granada passed from the hands of the Republican government into those of the fascist Nationalists. Somewhat inexplicably, Lorca returned from Madrid to Grenada in mid-August. He attempted for several days to contact family and friends in the city without his presence being known. On August 16, 1936, he was detained for questioning. On August 19, he was shot by firing-squad, near the town of Barranco de Viznar, and buried in a common grave.


Essays/Ensayos in English:

Essays/Ensayos en Espagnol:

Poems/Poemas in English Translation:


Book Reviews:

Play/Movie Reviews:

  • Blood Wedding by Federico Garcia Lorca. Review by Lizzie Loveridge. A London production of the play. (Curtain Up, 2005);
  • Blood Wedding by Federico Garcia Lorca. Review by Adrienne Cea. A New York production of the play. (Off Off Online, July 2006);
  • The Disappearance Of Garcia Lorca. Review by Roger Ebert (;
  • "'The Disappearance of Garcia Lorca': Tracking Down the Killers of a Poet". Review by Stephen Holden (New York Times, September 1997);
  • 'The Disappearance of Garcia Lorca'. Review by Kim Williamson (Boxoffice Online);
  • Yerma by Federico Garcia Lorca. Reviewed by Sam Marlowe (?). A London production at the Arcola Theatre. (London Times, August 2006);

News Stories/Articles:

Other VGS Author Pages: